Teenage pregnancy is understood as pregnancy among the young girls of 19 years and below. It is one of the highest incidences recorded in the USA apart from other issues such as abortion and childbirth among this age bracket. However, its rate has significantly reduced since 1990. It is because most teenage girls use birth control methods as well as reducing their sexual activities. Teenage mother usually drops out of schools besides their children go through hardship hence it is recommended that teenage pregnancy should be abolished.
Teenage pregnancy should be discouraged since it put a strain on parents. Mothers usually face numerous problems at their teenage years. On the same note, the parents of the expectant teenagers have to incur expenses regarding medication as well as involving themselves in teen parenthood besides making ends meet for the whole family. Therefore, teenage pregnancy should be eradicated through the creation of awareness on the negative impacts on teenage pregnancies, education for the young people about safe sex and sexuality as well as reducing poverty in the society.
Secondly, teenage pregnancy should be eradicated due to its impact on the rise of social responsibility. The current society is burdened with social responsibility due to increased birth rates, high costs of living due to population growth and increase in costs especially in medication, loss of human capital and welfare of the public. However, reduction of teenage pregnancies leads to the diversion of funds that would otherwise be wasted to good use hence leads to a long-term reduction in costs and improvement in the quality of life. On the same note, teenage mothers should be counseled and left to stay in school besides encouraging proper nutrition. This age experiences their sexual development hence positive advertisement should be encouraged on education on sexuality.
Teenage pregnancy leads to increased poverty in the society hence it should be abolished. Poverty status of the teenage mothers is currently on the rise due to the reduction of the likelihood of the teenage mothers to complete school besides the lack of a source of income for both the mother and the baby. This poverty situation is typically prolonged in life since the child would not get a better education due to the limited opportunity for the parents to seek employment. On the same note, this pathetic life leads to health deterioration due to depression and low self-esteem.
Lastly, teenage pregnancies are responsible for high risks in health related infections among teen mothers and their babies. The parents usually exhibit mental problems due to stress and depression as well as physical injuries which may lead to death especially at the time of delivery. Other health related problems resulting from such early pregnancies include anemia, hemorrhage, STD infections and high blood pressure. On the same note, there are a lot of miscarriages during pregnancy that makes the teenagers at higher healthy risks. Besides, babies born at this period normally have low birth weights due to poor nutrition as well as being delivered prematurely.
In conclusion, teenage pregnancy even though it is noted to be reduced due to education and creation of awareness, its impacts directly affects the mother, baby, and the public. Furthermore, the social outcome of the teenage mother is wanting since they miss their chances to experience the whole education system, have minimal chance of securing job opportunities as well as the deterioration of their health. Therefore, it is critical to educate teens on better methods of birth control besides encouraging sexuality education and the impacts of teenage pregnancies.
To understand which problems worry first world countries the most today, it is usually enough to check the headlines in major newspapers. Although mass media tends to pay a lot of attention to one problem while completely ignoring others, still referring to them is a sound way to learn about major social, political, and cultural issues. Today, along with news about diplomatic scandals, wars, epidemics, and economic crises, headlines are often dedicated to teen pregnancy, which is a real scourge of modern American society.
By teen pregnancy, experts usually understand it to be pregnancy among young women between the ages of 15 and 17 years. In 2013, on average, 13 teens out of 1,000 peers were pregnant. According to recent studies, teen pregnancies have declined in the United States, but the teenage representatives of some social and/or ethnic groups seem to be in the risk zone; for example, African-American and Hispanic teens in the U.S. are two to three times more likely to become pregnant than Caucasian teens. Moreover, it is reported that nearly one in five teen births is a repeat birth, which means that pregnancy for these teens is not a first time occurrence (HealthCommunities.com).
But what risks do teenage to-be mothers face? In fact, being a teenage mother is truly difficult, even compared to regular pregnancy. For example, teens are at a high risk of not getting appropriate prenatal care, as they are often afraid to tell their parents about their pregnancies, and cannot afford prenatal care themselves. Pregnant teens often get high blood pressure, or pregnancy-induced hypertension, as well as preeclampsia much more often than pregnant women who are in their 20s or 30s. Teens are also more likely to give birth to premature babies, meaning that the pregnancies do not last for the regular 40 weeks; also, teenage mothers are exposed to higher risks of having low-birth-weight babies (usually 1,500 to 2,500 grams, and sometimes even less). A very-low-birth-weight baby weighs less than 3.3 pounds. Among other risk factors for teen mothers are STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases), postpartum depression, and so on (WebMD).
Along with health problems, teenage mothers are usually less likely to finish high school, which decreases their chances to get adequate higher education, and then find a job to sustain themselves, and their child. It means, in its turn, that teenage mothers are more likely to live in poverty, be a single parent (and also divorce if they get married to the father of their child). Also, since teenage pregnancy is often unwanted and unexpected, teenage mothers are often more likely to abuse or neglect their babies (Sutter County).
Teenage pregnancy is a complicated modern phenomenon that requires the attention of governmental and non-governmental organizations, psychologists, and first of all, parents. Although the tendency of teenage pregnancy in the U.S. seems to be gradually decreasing, certain ethnic and/or social groups still remain vulnerable to this phenomenon. Becoming pregnant as a teenager leads to a number of health problems (such as preeclampsia, high blood pressure, STDs, depression, and so on), as well as to social consequences, such as divorce, a low quality of life, child abuse, and so on.
“Teen Pregnancy, Consequences of Teenage Pregnancy.”HEalthCommunities.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.
“Teenage Pregnancy: Medical Risks and Realities.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.
“Teen Pregnancy – Teen Pregnancy: It’s Everyone’s Problem.” SutterCounty. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.
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