Welcome to Lesson 1! First, a little orientation: at the top of every lesson you'll see a diagram of the keyboard that highlights in yellow the keys you will be working on. In subsequent keyboarding lessons the keys you have already learned but are not the focus of the lesson will be coloured green. It is vital that you will have mastered those keys before moving onto a new lesson. Mastery, for purposes of this course means that you can confidently and consistently type a lesson exercise in under 60 seconds with NO errors.
With that out of the way, here we go!
The is a key concept in typing (sorry for the pun!). It is that middle horizontal row of the keyboard that starts with A and goes all the way across. The idea behind the home row is that each finger remains in light contact with a particular key there when it is not typing in order to keep "grounded", providing a reference point for every other key. Here are the "home keys" for each of your 8 fingers:
|Left hand pinky||A|
|Left hand ring||S|
|Left hand middle||D|
|Left hand index||F|
|Right hand index||J|
|Right hand middle||K|
|Right hand ring||L|
|Right hand pinky||;|
If you have a relatively recent keyboard, it more than likey has some sort of bump you can feel on the F and J keys, where your index fingers go. This is of course to help you quickly find the home row when you're not looking at the keyboard.
Place your fingers gently on their respective keys now, light enough so that you are not actually pressing them! This is where your fingers "hang out" when they're not typing, and where they "spring" back to just after they have finished typing another key somewhere else. It is very important for your fingers to be able to go to these keys at any time, at a split second's notice. Practice taking your hands away and placing them on these keys several times, until you can do it confidently, and without looking.
The space bar is pressed with either thumb. Most people probably use only one thumb, the one on their dominant hand. The thumbs basically float comfortably in the air when not in use.
Below is your first interactive exercise based on the four left-hand home keys: ASDF. These are typed with the left-hand pinky, ring finger, middle finger and index finger respectively. Before typing even a single letter, please keep ALL of the in mind. Here are the instructions; all the exercises in all the lessons work this way, so read carefully:
- Press the "Click here to start" button, then type what you see on the screen. If you type correctly, the letter will turn to grey. If you err, it won't, and you will hear an error sound.
- To do the same again (which you should do if you make ANY mistakes), press the "Go again!" button that appears when you finish.
- Remember, shoot for no errors!! That is the most important thing right now. Speed means nothing; certainty and correctness are what's important.
- For practical purposes, you can consider yourself having mastered an exercise only if you are able to type three reloaded screens of exercises in a row in under 60 seconds each, with no errors, confidently.
Take a moment to tap your left hand fingers on your desk/table/thigh while saying the letters they will be typing (a, s, d, f), as in the above diagram. Do it forwards & backwards, and inside-out!
Sorry for the nonsense words to come, but there's only so much you can do with only 4 letters and the space bar! Make sure you are going slow enough to prevent mistakes. Be sure of every key; do not guess. And of course, don't look at the keyboard!
new! If you're feeling brave, you can also try the musical typing and speed typing variations of this lesson!
Click the orange button to begin the exercise, and start typing:
If the above exercise isn't working for you, please click here.
Basic Position in Ten Finger Typing
Make sure that you understand the concept of Basic Position.
- Feel the bumps on the F and J keys.
- The bumps are there to guide you to position your fingers on the keyboard wihout looking.
- Place your index fingers on the F and J keys. The other fingers should be placed on the keyboard as shown in the figure.
- Your fingers should lightly touch the keys.
- This is the "Basic Position". When not typing or after pressing a key your fingers should always return to the basic position.
- Ten finger touch typing can be summarized as ..basic position and then press a key, then basic position again..and so forth.
Learning Basic Position is critical to learning touch typing. Practice bringing your fingers into the basic position WITHOUT LOOKING and then take them away. Repeat until you can do it comfortably.
Proceed to Lesson 1.