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Essay On Dashain And Tihar Photo

As it is well-known fact we Nepalese have more gods and goddesses than human beings and more festival than those actually fits in a yearly calendar of 365 days but what makes the festive month of Dashain and Tihar quiet special and is regarded as the greatest festival of a hindu culture is once in every year  we all Nepalese from different caste and creed free ourself from our day-to-day routine and all the tensions that comes along with it and set ourself to a month of full enjoyment with our precious family members and the ones that really makes our lives precious and makes ourself feel important in this world.

The festival itself lasts for about 15 days starting from the first day of dashain with ghatasthapana following with nawaratri including fulpathi , mahaasthami, mahanawami and concluding with 10th day of mahadashami which is also known as the day of tika, where elders and youngsters shares blessings with each other and wish for the prosperity and well being.it’s specially fun for the kids as i remember when i was one getting all those money from the elders as dakshina  and the sharing of blessings as tika lasts for 4 more days so that people from far away places can come and make a visit even though only once in a year it makes those visits special and as a lovely remembrance. In all these 15 days people makes sure they won’t miss out any fun part of two weeks of festive eve. From meeting old friends and playing cards to drinking and all.  And after a quick week break there comes tihar which is a part of dashain more like a second half of it. It is more popularly seen as the festive week of bright and sparkling nights with worshipping of goddess laxmi  and concluding with bhai tika which is the resemblance of love between brothers and sisters. Here the more fun part is playing deusi and bhailo and burning firecrackers and wherever you go you find one’s home bright in lights in their own way.

What makes this festive month special and different is that we can see that undoubtly happy reaction and smiles on the face of the people when the month is approaching and it helps us all free ourself from the hassle of life and take a break from whatever it is that we’re upto and indulge ourself into  a month of enjoyious pleasure and happy times and look forward to the next one.

At last i wish all my viewers and subscribers along with my well wishers and all my friends and family a very happy dashain and tihar and hope you all will enjoy at it’s best avoiding all the negative sides. Thank you.

Also see More Detail About Dashain Festivals 


Images from: aananda K. Maharjan (nepalifonts.blogspot.com)


Tags:dashain, Tihar, vijaya dashami

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For other uses, see Tihar (disambiguation).

Also calledSwonti (Nepali Bhasa), Deepawali (दीपावली), Yamapanchak (यमपञ्चक), Dewali (दिवालि)
TypeReligious, Nepali
CelebrationsDecorating homes with lights, singing, dancing, gambling, etc.
ObservancesPrayers and religious rituals
DateNew moon day of Kartika, celebrations begin two days before and end two days after that date
2017 dateOctober 17–21[1]
Related toDiwali, Swanti

Tihar (Nepali: तिहार), also known as Deepawali and Yamapanchak or Swanti (Nepal Bhasa: स्वन्ती:), is a five-day-long Hindu festival celebrated in Nepal and in the Indian states of Assam and Sikkim including in Darjeeling district of West Bengal. It is the festival of lights, as diyas are lit inside and outside the houses to make it illuminate at night. It is popularly known as Swanti among the Newars and as Deepawali among Madhesis.[2] Set in the Vikram Samvat calendar, the festival begins with Kaag Tihar in Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna Paksha and ends with Bhai Tika in Dwitiya of Kartik Sukla Paksha every year.[3]

Tihar is the second biggest Nepalese festival after Dashain. It is considered to be of great importance as it shows reverence to not just the humans and the gods, but also to the animals like crows, cows, and dogs that maintain an intimate relationship with humans. People make patterns on the floor of living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals outside their house, called Rangoli, which is meant to be a sacred welcoming area for the Gods and Goddesses of Hinduism mainly Goddess Laxmi.[4]

[5] Crows and ravens are worshiped by offerings of sweets and dishes placed on the roofs of houses. The cawing of crows and ravens symbolizes sadness and grief in Hinduism, so devotees offer crows and ravens food to avert grief and death in their homes. Tihar represents the divine attachment between humans and other animals.

Kukur Tihar (Day 2)[edit]

The second day is called Kukur Tihar.[6] It is called the Khicha Puja by the Newars.[7] People offer garlands, tika and delicious food to dogs and acknowledge the cherished relationship between humans and dogs.

Dogs occupy a special place in Hindu mythology. As mentioned in the Mahabharata, Bhairava, a fierce manifestation of Lord Shiva, had a dog as a vahana (vehicle). Yama, the god of death, is believed to own two guard dogs – each with four eyes. The dogs are said to watch over the gates of Naraka, the Hindu concept of Hell.[8] Owing to this belief, this day is also observed as Naraka Chaturdashi.

Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja (Day 3)[edit]

The morning of the third day is Gai Tihar (worship of the cow). In Hinduism, cow signifies prosperity and wealth. In ancient times people benefited a lot from the cow. Its milk, dung, even urine was used for purposes like purification. Thus, on this day people show their gratefulness to the cow by garlanding and feeding them with the best grass. Houses are cleaned and the doorways and windows are decorated with garlands made of Saya Patri (marigolds) and makhamali (Gomphrena globosa) flowers.

In the evening Laxmi, the goddess of wealth is thanked for all the benefits that were bestowed on the families by lighting oil lamps (Diyo) or candles on doorways and windows to welcome prosperity and well being. At night the girls enjoy dancing and visiting all the houses in the neighborhood with musical instruments singing and dancing known as Bhailo all night long collecting money as a tip from houses and share the bounty amongst themselves.

From the third day onward Tihar is celebrated with Deusi and Bhailo with light and fireworks. Deusi is mostly sung by the boys while the Bhailo is sung by the girls. Deusi is balladic and tells the story of the festival, with one person narrating and the rest as the chorus. In return, the home owners give them money, fruit and selroti (a Nepali roundel made of rice flour and sugar). Nowadays social workers, politician, and young people visit local homes, sing these songs, and collect funds for welfare and social activities.

Coincidentally, Laxmi Puja also marks the birthday of Laxmi Prasad Devkota, who is widely revered and honoured as the greatest poet of Nepali language.

Govardhan Puja (Day 4)[edit]

On the fourth day of Tihar, there are three different known pujas, depending on the people's cultural background. It is observed as Goru Tihar or Goru Puja (worship of the oxen). People who follow Vaishnavism perform Govardhan Puja, which is worship towards Govardhan mountain. Cow dung is taken as representative of the mountain and is worshiped. Additionally, the majority of the Newar community on the night perform Mha Puja (worship of self). This day is seen as the beginning of the new Nepal Sambat calendar year.

Bhai Tika Worship of Brother (Day 5)[edit]

The fifth and last day of Tihar is called Bhai Tika or Kija Puja. It is observed by sisters applying tilaka" or "tika" to the foreheads of their brothers to ensure long life and thank them for the protection they provide. It is believed that Yamraj, the God of Death, visited his sister, Goddess Yamuna, on this day during which she applied the auspicious tika on his forehead, garlanded him and fed him special dishes. Together, they ate sweets, talked and enjoyed themselves to their hearts' content. Upon parting, Yamraj gave the Yamuna a special gift as a token of his affection and, in return, Yamuna gave him a lovely gift which she had made with her own hands. That day Yamraj announced that anyone who receives tilak from his sister will never die on that day.

Sisters make a special garland for their brothers from a flower that wilts only after a couple of months, symbolizing the sister's prayer for her brother's long life. Brothers sit on the floor while their sisters perform their puja. The puja follows a traditional ritual in which sisters circle brothers, dripping oil on the floor from a copper pitcher and applying oil to their brother's hair, following which a seven-color tikas is applied on the brother's forehead. Next, brothers give tikas to their sisters in the same fashion with an exchange of gifts. This ritual is practiced regardless of whether the brother is younger or older than the sister. Those without a sister or brother join relatives or friends for tika. This festival strengthens the close relationship between brothers and sisters.

In addition to these, Newars make colourful Ashtamangalamandalas and recite chants and procedures in accordance with Tantric rituals. Along with the seven-coloured tika, sisters provide brothers with Sagun, sweets, Makhamali(Gomphrena globosa) garland, and a sacred cotton thread of Tantric importance, similar to Janai thread meant to protect their bodies.


[[Category:Public holidays Nepali festivals]]

A dog after being venerated during the Kukur Tihar festival in Nepal.
Garlands of marigolds being prepared for the decoration. Houses, offices and commercial complexes are decorated with garlands in the morning of Laxmi Puja.
Goddess Laxmi, the Hindu Goddess of wealth and prosperity.
Cow dung during Gobardhan Pujā
  1. ^"2017 Tihar | Swanti". Drik Panchang. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  2. ^Toffin, Gerrard (2007). The Mwahni (Dasai) Festival and the Caste System. Social Science Baha. p. 316. ISBN 978 99933 43 95 0. 
  3. ^"Tihar, Dates in Nepal, Kaag Tihar, Kukur Tihar, Gai Tihar, Laxmi Puja, Govardhan Puja, Bhai Tika". Lumbini Media. 23 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  4. ^Selvamony 2006, pp. 172
  5. ^"Tihar begins; Kaag Tihar today". The Himalayan Times. 28 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  6. ^"Kukur Tihar being observed across the nation". The Himalayan Times. 29 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  7. ^George van Driem (1993). A grammar of Dumi, Volume 10 (illustrated ed.). Walter de Gruyter. p. 404. ISBN 978-3-11-012351-7. 
  8. ^"Yama, the First Man, and King of the Dead". sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 

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